Exercise physiology : The study of how body structure and function is altered by exposure to acute and chronic bouts of exercise.
Sport physiology : The application of the concepts of exercise physiology to training athletes and enhancing sport performance.
Sport medicine : Clinical sports medicine inclueds injury prevention, diganosis, treatment and rehabilitation; performance enhancement through training, mutrition and psychology; management of medical problems caused by exercise and the role of exercise in chronic disease states; the specific needs of exercising in children, females and older prople; the medical care of sporting
teams and events as well as ethical issues such as the problem of drug abuse in sport. Sports medicine, therefore, is ideally suited to a team approach. Professionals from different disciplines provide specialized skills acquired in their training to provide optimal care for the athlete and improve each other's knowledge and skills.
Exercise Physiology 譯成運動生理學，只要是運動的生理反應機轉效果都包括，如做登階運動觀察心跳或循環之類的反應，或人採坐姿，反覆臂屈伸之生理反應，或一些運動與健康生理有關之知識，不見得與運動比賽的項目扯得上關係。
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