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主題:Overreaching
發言 : Bob 時間 : 04/04/20(21:30:45) From : 202.40.202.241
Does Overreaching have a chinese translation?


回應 : 10 scwang時間 : 2008/7/7 下午 02:06:56 From : 140.123.226.99

轉貼留言版的留言內容:
Anson
各位好 最近在準備運動健康與休閒系的考試 看考題有一題不懂
因為我不是本科系 所以上來搜尋答案 發現這一個好站 因此想上來問問各位先進
1.試述過度訓練可區分成三種不同類型...
麻煩各位指教


回應 : 11 JungleSun時間 : 2008/7/8 下午 04:59:41 From : 221.10.62.162

(1)
The Difference Between Overreaching And Overtraining:
1. Overreaching Is Planned.
2. Sequenced Rest Periods: The second difference between overreaching and overtraining is the way the rest periods are worked into the equation.
3. Overreaching Is Definite: The third difference between overreaching and overtraining is the way the rest periods are worked into the equation.

Bodybuilding, The Difference Between Overreaching And Overtraining
http://ezinearticles.com/?Bodybuilding,-The-Difference-Between-Overreaching-And-Overtraining&id=1200012

(2)
Overtraining syndrome(OTS)should not be confused with over-reaching which reflects a temporary deterioration in athletic performance or short-term fatigue. With sufficient rest, the over-reached athlete should recover and show improvement. However if the intensity and duration of training are not reduced, this could lead to OTS.

One of the main differences between over-reaching and OTS is in their recovery times. Recovery from over-reaching should take 2-3 weeks whilst OTS recovery could take several months.

The unexplained under performance syndrome
http://www.corpotential.com/press/Overtraining.pdf


(3)
Many riders use the term ‘overtraining’ for both overreaching and overtraining and I guess that is why many riders diagnose themselves as overtrained. The problem is that if you are really in an overtraining situation, it can take several months before your performance is back at 100%. If you have overreached in a period, a week or two is normally enough to get you back on track. This principle is often used in tapering protocols, where training volume is reduced the last two or three weeks before a big event. Overtraining syndrome doesn´t happen over a night or week. It takes 6 to 8 weeks or even longer to develop.

Overreaching is not equal to overtraining
http://www.training4cyclists.com/overreaching-is-not-equal-to-overtraining/


(4)
There is currently no evidence aside from anecdotal information to suggest that overreaching precedes overtraining and that symptoms of overtraining are more severe than overreaching.

Systematically controlled and monitored studies are needed to determine if overtraining is distinguishable from overreaching, what the best indicators of these states are and the underlying mechanisms that cause fatigue and performance decrements.

Does Overtraining Exist?: An Analysis of Overreaching and Overtraining Research.
Review Article
Halson, Shona L 1 2; Jeukendrup, Asker E 1. Sports Medicine. 34(14):967-981, 2004.



回應 : 12 JungleSun時間 : 2008/7/8 下午 05:20:30 From : 221.10.62.162

2006年大陸出版的《運動生物化學研究進展》(馮煒權等編著)教材524頁上提到了這個問題。它將Overreaching翻譯為過量負荷;Overtraining翻譯為過度訓練。

書本上提到:
“造成過度訓練的原因是外周疲勞和中樞疲勞。外周疲勞造成短時間過度訓練(short-term overtrainning, STO),外周加中樞疲勞造成長時間過度訓練(long-term overtrainning, STO)。STO可延續幾天到兩周,也稱之為過量負荷(Overreaching)。”

上文可總結為:短時間過度訓練稱之為過量負荷。

大家可以參考一下。



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